An Elizabethan Maundy, miniature, 1560
Levina Teerlinc (1510-1576) was a Flemish miniaturist who also served as a painter to the English court of Edward VI, Mary I and Elizabeth I. She was the daughter of the renowned illuminator of the Ghent-Bruges school, Simon Bening. It is thought that she she worked in her father's workshop being getting married. Once married she moved with her husband to England. She became the royal painter to Henry VIII, after his previous royal painter, Hans Holbein the Younger, had died.
Although she did create portraits for royals she became most well known for her work with miniatures. It is thought that she might have trained Nicholas Hilliard in the methods of miniature portraiture. He would go on to be the first supreme miniature portraitist of the era. She was also known for presenting paintings as gifts including an image of the Trinity for Mary I in 1553.
Portrait of Elizabeth I, 1565